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Show full transcript for Scene Safety video

Ensuring Scene Safety: A Crucial Step

Understanding the Situation

Before taking any action, it's vital to assess the safety of the scene. In this simulated scenario, let's consider a car accident:

  • Initial Caution: Avoid rushing in immediately. Survey the scene for potential hazards and dangers.
  • Multiple Factors: For a car accident, assess the presence of other vehicles, bystanders, and the number of individuals involved.
  • Risk Assessment: Perform a swift risk evaluation, considering various elements.

Understanding the Vehicle

When approaching a vehicle, be alert to specific risks and potential dangers:

  • Fluid Presence: Check for any spilled fluids, such as water, oil, petrol, or diesel, as they may pose a fire hazard.
  • Glass Hazards: Be cautious of broken glass resulting from the accident.
  • Cargo Inspection: If it's a van or similar vehicle, consider what it may be carrying, especially chemicals or gas.

Safe Approach

Remember the mantra: Stop, Think, Act. Maintain a strategic approach to ensure safety while offering assistance:

  • Engage From the Front: When communicating with the injured party, approach from the front to prevent unnecessary head movement.
  • Establish Identity: Clearly introduce yourself: "I'm Keith, a first aider. Can I help you?" Maintain communication from a distance during the assessment phase.
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Don gloves as a precaution before moving closer to the patient.

Ensuring Head Stability

When approaching the vehicle, be mindful of potential spinal injuries:

  • Control Head Movement: Politely instruct the individual to keep their head still. This step is especially important in suspected spinal injury cases.

Effective Communication

Engage in a dialogue with the injured party while maintaining vigilance for any evolving dangers:

  • Gathering Information: Ask pertinent questions such as "Are you alone? Is there anyone else in the vehicle? Are there any hazardous materials in the vehicle?"
  • Comfort and Reassurance: A compassionate and informative approach helps ease the patient's anxiety.

Calling for Assistance

If the scene reveals minor injuries or conditions you can't manage, promptly activate the appropriate emergency services:

  • Clear Reporting: Clearly communicate the nature of the situation to the emergency services dispatcher.
  • Request Assistance: Depending on the circumstances, request an ambulance, police, or other relevant services as needed.


These safety procedures apply to various scenarios, whether involving adults in car accidents or children requiring assistance. Prioritising scene safety ensures effective care delivery.

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