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Show full transcript for Bites and stings video

Typically a bite would be from an animal and a sting by an insect, however there are some exceptions.

When dealing with bites, there can be all sorts of different injuries. The main issue will be bleeding, there may also be incisions into the skin and tears to the skin.

There could be bruising, soft tissue damage and in some cases there may even be broken bones.

The first thing we need to do is make sure that the scene is safe, if  for example a dog has attacked the patient, you need to make sure it cannot attack you.

Treat any wounds by cleaning using a saline solution or clean water, control the bleeding by applying a pressure bandage, put the dressing on and ensure that the patient has any additional medical help they need.

Stings are slightly different because the insect has actually injected a toxin of some description into the skin, which is causing a reaction.

With bee stings, the sting can be easily removed using a credit card, which is used to scrape along the base of the sting to remove the sting from the bottom. If you squeeze the top of the sting it will inject more poison.

Generally wasp, mosquito and other insect bites can be treated with creams or ointments but usually they will get better quickly without treatment.

The main consideration when dealing with stings is allergic to bee or wasp stings, if they are then it could be a serious problem.

If you notice that they are having any difficulty breathing, they feel unwell, then this may indicate that you need to contact the Emergency Services.

Talk to the patient and see if they have a history of allergies or problems and make the judgement yourself. Typically speaking if a person is stung on the hand, their throat should not swell up, if it does this indicates an anaphylactic reaction.