Note: Your progress in watching these videos WILL NOT be tracked. These training videos are the same videos you will experience when you take the full Family First Aid Level 2 (VTQ) program. You may begin the training for free at any time to start officially tracking your progress toward your certificate of completion.

Show full transcript for DR ABC and the ABCD'S video

Essential Emergency Response Tools: DRAB and ABCDs

Understanding DRAB and ABCDs

When faced with an emergency, two crucial tools come to your aid, offering guidance on the necessary actions. These are DRAB and ABCDs:

DRAB - Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing

DRAB simplifies the initial steps in an emergency:

  • D - Danger: Assess the situation for potential hazards.
  • R - Response: Check for the person's response.
  • A - Airway: Ensure the airway is clear.
  • B - Breathing: Confirm if the person is breathing.

ABCDs - Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Defibrillation, Serious Bleeding, Shock, Spinal Injury

ABCDs provides comprehensive guidance for first aid emergencies:

  • A - Airway: Start by opening the patient's airway, often obstructed by the tongue.
  • B - Breathing: Check for signs of breathing; if absent, proceed to the next step.
  • C - Circulation: Assess circulation and perform Compression or CPR if necessary.
  • D - Defibrillation: Administer an electric shock for cardiac arrest.
  • S - Serious Bleeding, Shock, Spinal Injury: Once the primary steps are addressed, focus on these critical concerns, all of which will be covered in detail within the course.


DRAB and ABCDs are valuable tools for guiding your response in emergency situations, helping you prioritize actions and address life-threatening conditions effectively.